In today's world, we still tend to blame the victim. Truly, an addict usually has some responsibility, at least for breaking the addiction, because nobody else can do it.
Between Addiction and Dependence
In today's world, we still tend to blame the victim.
In today's world, we still tend to blame the victim. Truly, an addict usually has some responsibility, at least for breaking the addiction, because nobody else can do it. But often in the case of addictions to something other than physically addictive drugs, we act as if the addict is simply weak. And maybe that is true, but that is not a sin and it is certainly not a choice. Nobody wants to be weak. They just are.
But is it just weakness? Recent research studies say no. When the brain releases a chemical called dopamine, we feel good, really good. Drugs make the brain release a lot of dopamine, by releasing a chemical that causes that reaction. At first, the brain reacts quickly and with a lot of dopamine. But, as time goes on and we take more drugs, the brain does not react as quickly or strongly to the stimulant chemical. So we need more to make the brain release the same amount of dopamine.
If we stop the drugs, then the brain creates a chemical craving that can be even stronger when something reminds us of the drugs, like a place or certain people, even a smell. Without the drug and the dopamine from the brain, the addict gets depressed and nothing makes him or her happy at all. So the drugs create a chemical reaction that makes us feel good, then they promote tolerance of the drug that makes the brain react, creating dependence, causing craving, and eventually promoting relapse. The studies mapped the brain activity during all phases, and then they looked at reactions in other types of addiction.
Why Drug Abuse Is Rampant
In almost all over the countries across the world, drug trafficking issues are dealt with and are the most difficult case to resolve. Every year, ..... Whatever the dependency, the chemical changes in the brain were the same, and they can be very long lasting. So the compulsive gambler may get a very strong craving just seeing money. The chat room addict may react physically to the sight of a computer or even a picture of a computer. The same physical and chemical changes occur in the brain with any dependency, and the craving follows abstention. Further, the response of the brain and the release of dopamine gets stronger after abstention, and memories of past "highs" become powerful temptations to repeat the behavior.
So it seems that there is a physical component to any dependency. The only major difference may actually encourage non physically addictive dependencies, since the horrible physical withdrawal is not a consequence in the case of dependency, making it more attractive yet. The good news is that scientists are working on chemical aids to break this cycle, blockers which will prevent the chemical changes which promote addiction and other chemicals which will change the body's reaction to the stimulus.
It may not be a magic pill, but it can certainly help to strengthen the victim's ability to cope with the chemical component of dependence, and overcome the addiction. It seems that the brain knows little difference between the reaction from drugs and the reaction from other things. Its reaction is the same, just as it reacts the same to strong dreams and to waking reality.
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